Retrograde intra-renal surgery
Is endoscopic surgery of the upper urinary tract. For diagnosis or treatment of kidney stones, tumours or obstruction.
With improvements in scope size, flexibility and digital imaging this has rapidly become the most common method of managing kidney stones.
An endoscope is passed through the ureter to the collecting system of the kidney.
Stones can be destroyed with a laser or pneumatic probe. Fragments can be removed with endoscopic baskets.
What to expect
- Self-limiting irritative urinary symptoms, loin pain, blood in the urine.
- Ureteric injury.
- Failed access, 8%- requiring pre-stenting.
Please see advice under 'Ureteric Stenting'